Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure that involves taking hair follicles from one part of the body (typically the back or sides of the scalp) and transplanting them to areas of the scalp where hair has been lost or has started to thin. The procedure can help to restore a fuller, more natural-looking head of hair and can be an effective treatment option for both men and women experiencing hair loss.
There are several different techniques used in hair transplantation, including follicular unit transplantation (FUT), follicular unit extraction (FUE), direct hair implantation (DHI), and sapphire FUE. Each technique has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the best approach will depend on the individual patient’s needs and goals.
In general, the hair transplantation process involves several steps:
- Consultation: The first step is to schedule a consultation with a hair transplant surgeon to discuss your hair loss concerns and determine if hair transplantation is the right treatment option for you. The surgeon will evaluate your hair loss pattern and the quality of your donor hair, and will recommend the most appropriate hair restoration technique.
- Donor hair removal: Once the appropriate hair restoration technique has been determined, the surgeon will remove hair follicles from the donor area using a handheld device. In FUT, a strip of scalp is removed from the donor area and the hair follicles are dissected under a microscope. In FUE, individual follicles are removed one-by-one using a small, handheld device.
- Hair follicle preparation: The extracted hair follicles are then carefully examined and prepared for transplantation. The surgeon will trim any excess tissue and sort the follicles based on their size and quality.
- Recipient area preparation: The surgeon will create small incisions in the recipient area of the scalp where the hair follicles will be transplanted. In DHI, the Choi implanter pen is used to create the incisions and transplant the hair follicles in a single step.
- Hair follicle transplantation: The prepared hair follicles are then transplanted into the incisions in the recipient area. The surgeon will carefully place each follicle in a way that mimics the natural hair growth pattern.
- Post-operative care: After the hair transplantation procedure, the patient will be given detailed instructions on how to care for their scalp and hair. This may include avoiding certain activities and medications, using special shampoos and conditioners, and avoiding exposure to sunlight and other environmental factors.
Hair transplantation can be a highly effective treatment option for those experiencing hair loss. It is important to work with a qualified and experienced hair transplant surgeon to determine the best approach for your individual needs and goals, and to follow all post-operative care instructions to ensure the best possible results.